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# Fourier Lévy formulae

Using the following trick:

(29)

we obtain the equation to calculate the double integral using Lévy Area. Now, to measure this area, we can integrate:

Then the Fourier transformation of the density of ILA conditional on ∆W1, ∆W2 is given by:

and is explicitly known by [5] (it is also given in Lévy’s original paper [10]) as:

where, given R2 = (∆W1)2 + (∆W2)2:

The probability density function (pdf) for X can be obtained exactly by inverting the Fourier transform fX (w):

and then the cumulative distribution function (cdf) is:

leading, via its inverse, to the sample rule:

(30)

Note that the variance of X is:

So far as we know, the pdf for Y cannot be written down in exact form, but for small ∆t, we have:

(31)

which is the Fourier transform of another normal distribution with density:

Samples of Y can then be made in the usual way.

(32)

So the double integral {24} can be approximated using the formulae:

(33)

We explicitly know that the total variance of the Lévy Area is:

So, although {33} is an approximation, we can see that we recover the exact total variance required.

Prof. Klaus Schmitz

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